Small Business Administration (“SBA”) Loan Programs
The original funding for the EIDL and PPP programs lapsed of April 16 and the SBA stopped accepting applications under either program. On April 24, legislation was enacted to add $310 billion to the programs. Of the $310 billion, $250 billion replenishes the PPP program with $60 billion of this amount slated for community banks and Community Development Financial Institutions. The SBA resumed accepting PPP applications on April 27. $60 billion of the $310 billion is to replenish the EIDL program. However, as of this time, the SBA is currently processing EIDL applications already submitted and is accepting new applications only for agricultural businesses. This resource page will be updated for future developments under the SBA programs.
Economic Injury Disaster Loan (“EIDL”) Program
- SBA website description of EIDL Loan and Grant.
- EIDL Loan and Grant Application – The SBA changed the EIDL application on March 30 and now uses a streamlined application that allows an applicant to apply for both an EIDL loan and an EIDL grant in one application. EIDL loans do not have a forgiveness component, but EIDL grants do not require repayment. Applications are submitted online and no third party lender is involved in this process. Applicants that applied before March 30 and have not received a loan number are encouraged to re-apply using the new streamlined application.
- EIDL Loan Application for Qualified Agricultural Businesses
Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP” Loans)
- SBA website information regarding eligibility, loan details and forgiveness.
- PPP Loan Application Form – Paycheck Protection Program loans are available only through third party lenders. Applicants cannot submit these applications directly to the SBA. The application form should be submitted to the applicant’s primary bank for approval and submission to the SBA.
- SBA FAQs for Lenders and Borrowers under the PPP – Link to downloadable .pdf of FAQs to be updated on a regular basis by the SBA and Department of the Treasury
- SBA PPP Loan Forgiveness Application – A PPP borrower must apply for forgiveness of its PPP loan by completing this application as directed in the provided instructions, and submitting it to the Lender. Borrowers may also complete this application electronically through their Lender.
- Certification safe harbor for loans under $2 million – PPP borrowers were required to certify that “[c]urrent economic uncertainty makes this loan request necessary to support the ongoing operations of the Applicant.” In the above FAQs (#31), the SBA reminded borrowers to consider whether the certification had been made in good faith and provided that any borrower who repaid the PPP loan by May 7, 2020 (extended to May 14 by FAQ 43, and then to May 18 by FAQ 47) would be considered to have made the certification in good faith. On May 13, the SBA issued FAQ 46 stating that any borrower that received a PPP loan with an original principal amount of less than $2 million will be deemed to have made the required certification concerning the necessity of the loan request in good faith. All PPP loans in excess of $2 million will be reviewed, and if the SBA determines that there was not adequate basis for the certification, no enforcement action will be taken against the borrower if the loan is repaid after receiving notification from the SBA.
- SBA Guidance on How to Calculate PPP Loan Amount by Business Type
- SBA Interim Final Rule giving lenders and applicants additional guidance regarding the PPP program.
- Schell Bray PPP Informational Zoom Conference with Erica Parker, Senior Vice President at Pinnacle Financial Partners.
- Schell Bray PPP Follow-up Informational Zoom Conference with Erica Parker, Senior Vice President at Pinnacle Financial Partners.
- U.S. Chamber of Commerce Small Business Guide and Checklist offering a concise explanation of the PPP loan program for small businesses.
- The CARES Act provides that borrowers do not have taxable income with respect to the portion of the PPP loan that is forgiven. However the IRS has clarified that the borrower cannot take an income tax deduction for qualified expenses paid with forgiven loan proceeds (e.g., wages, rent, utilities and mortgage interest).
Other Business Relief Resources
- Federal Reserve website information on the Main Street Lending Program – 4-year loans ($1 million minimum) with one-year deferred interest and principal payments for qualifying borrowers. Loans are originated at local banks. Interested applicants should contact and apply through their local lenders.
- covidcap.com – A searchable website launched by CASE and CASEi3 at Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business to help any entrepreneur in the world, for-profit or nonprofit, struggling due to the economic impacts of COVID19, locate cash relief resources in their community.
- North Carolina COVID-19 Rapid Recovery Loan Program – Loans of up to $50,000 for NC small businesses affected by COVID-19, administered through the Golden Leaf Foundation. On May 4, Governor Cooper signed legislation allocating an additional $125 million in funding for the program.
Certain Tax-Related and Employee Leave Measures
Tax Filing and Payment Extensions
- Schell Bray posting on Tax Filing and Payment Extensions including links to IRS and NCDOR notices.
- IRS FAQs on Filing and Payment Deadlines
Emergency Sick Leave and Family/Medical Leave
- Schell Bray posting on the Families First Coronavirus Response Act – Emergency Paid Sick Leave, Emergency Family and Medical Leave Expansion and Related Tax Credits.
- IRS FAQs on the Paid Sick Leave and Family and Medical Leave provisions of the Families First and Coronavirus Response Act, including both basic FAQs and detailed information for employers.
- Department of Labor FAQs on the Paid Sick Leave and Family/Medial Leave provisions of the Families First and Coronavirus Response Act.
Employee Retention Tax Credit and Deferral of Employment Tax Payments
These benefits will be limited or unavailable for borrowers under the Paycheck Protection Program.
- IRS Explanation of the Employee Retention Tax Credit – A refundable tax credit of up to $5,000 per employee with respect to wages paid by an eligible employer whose business has been financially impacted by COVID-19.
- IRS FAQs on the Employee Retention Tax Credit including procedures for an employer to receive an advance of the credits.
- IRS FAQs on Employer Deferral of Certain Employment Tax Deposits – Employers may defer the deposit and payment of the employer’s share of social security tax otherwise required for the period March 27, 2020 – December 31, 2020. Half of the deferred amount must be paid by December 31, 2021, and the other half by December 31, 2022.
Other Tax Provisions of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act
- Economic Impact Payments – The IRS’s Economic Impact Payment Information Center provides details about eligibility and the payment process for payments of refundable tax credits of up to $1,200 for individual filers and $2,400 for married couples filing jointly, and the additional $500 for each qualifying child. These credits are phased out for taxpayers with adjusted gross income over $75,000/$150,000 and eliminated for taxpayers who made more than $99,000 (individuals) and $198,000 (married filing jointly). Forbes has created a calculator to help individuals estimate the amount of their payments.
- Waiver of 10% Early Withdrawal Penalty and Required Minimum Distributions and Increase of Loan Amounts from Retirement Accounts and Plans – The Reformed Broker, the blog of financial advisor and “FinTwit” personality Josh Brown, has an accessible Q&A format post discussing the provisions of the CARES Act permitting affected individuals to withdraw up to $100,000 from a qualified retirement account without incurring the 10% early withdrawal penalty, waiver of RMDs and the higher loan amount ($100,000) from qualified plans. The IRS has published FAQs on coronavirus-related relief for retirement plans and IRAs implemented under the CARES Act.
- Temporary $300 Above the Line Charitable Contribution Deduction and Relaxation of Limitations – A posting on the North Carolina Center for Nonprofits website includes a brief description of the $300 charitable deduction allowable to non-itemizers in 2020 and the relaxation of the 60% and 10% income limitations on charitable contribution deductions for individuals and corporations, respectively.
- Changes to the Net Operating Loss and Business Interest Expense Deduction Limitations Enacted by the TCJA – PWC has published a detailed advisory about the CARES Act provisions permitting businesses to carryback certain NOLs for 5 years, eliminating the 80% taxable income limit on NOLs, and temporarily increasing the Section 163(j) limitation on business interest expense deduction from 30% to 50%. The IRS has published guidance on claiming the NOL relief offered under the CARES Act and a “do-over” of prior elections out of the Section 163(j) limitation.